The Alpine Convention, an international treaty between the Alpine Countries (Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia and Switzerland) as well as the EU for the sustainable development and protection of the Alps, had a working group UNESCO world heritage.
In June 2009 UNESCO listed the Dolomites as a World Heritage Site for the aesthetic value of its landscape and for the scientific importance of its geology and geomorphology.
Nine so called systems within the World Heritage Site:
- Pelmo, Croda da Lago
- Pale di San Martino, San Lucano, Dolomiti Bellunesi, Vette Feltrine
- Dolomiti Friulane and d’Oltre Piave
- Dolomiti settentrionali
- Sciliar-Catinaccio, Latemar
- Dolomiti di Brenta
The free and open pieces:
- ASTER Global Digital Elevation Model (ASTER GDEM)
- Perimeter of the Alpine Convention - GIS data
- ProtectedPlanet - the online interface for the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA), a join project of IUCN and UNEP
- GDAL - Geospatial Data Abstraction Library
- GRASS GIS (new with winGRASS 64bit binaries in the upcoming 7.0.3 release !!!)
# GDALImport the VRT into GRASS GIS.
gdalbuildvrt asterv2.vrt -input_file_list aster_file_list.txt
# GRASS GISGo to the ProtectedPlanet website and search for Italy to download the GIS data of italian protected areas; then search for Dolomites to get the related WDPA ID.
r.in.gdal input=asterv2.vrt output=asterv2
# GRASS GIS - import GIS data of protected area with WDPA ID 478641 (Dolomites)Import and reproject the Alpine Convention perimeter:
v.in.ogr input=WDPA_Jan2016_ITA-shapefile-polygons.shp layer=WDPA_Jan2016_ITA-shapefile-polygons output=world_heritage_site_les_dolomites where=WDPA_PID=478641
# GRASS GIS - reproject from EPSG 3035 while importing in a EPSG 4326 (WGS84) locationAnd then enjoy open data of a world heritage site and open GIS.
v.import input=AC-perimeter_ifuplan_16072007.shp output=world_heritage_site_les_dolomites epsg=3035
|location of the world heritage site Dolomites within the perimeter of the Alpine Convention|
|ASTER GDEM of the southern Alps and world heritage site Dolomites|
Smoothing the ASTER GDEM:
# GRASS GISr.neighbors input=asterv output=asterv2_rneigh_average_3x3 method=average size=3
|ASTER GDEM and world heritage site Dolomites in 3D view (GRASS GIS) from southeast|
|ASTER GDEM and world heritage site Dolomites in 3D view (GRASS GIS) from southwest|
As the Dolomites are known for their rich geomorphology, zoom in a bit.
|ASTER GDEM and world heritage site Dolomites in 3D view (GRASS GIS) zoomed in|
|ASTER GDEM and world heritage site Dolomites in a grey 3D view (GRASS GIS) zoomed in|
|ASTER GDEM and world heritage site Dolomites in 3D view (GRASS GIS) zoomed into slope map|